Gateway Specific 3DS2 Integration Guide for Mobile Webview

For users ready to integrate with our Spreedly 3DS2 Global mobile solution, see our Spreedly 3DS2 Global mobile webview guide instead.

To prepare your mobile payment application for the Payment Services Directive and 3DS2 Requirements with Spreedly, you will need to implement and test each of the flows outlined below. Integrating with the Spreedly Test gateway will prepare your application for future integration with 3DS2 supported production gateways in the coming weeks.If you have questions not addressed in the integration guide, please contact Spreedly support for assistance.

For general PSD2 Compliance information, please visit our PSD2 Compliance Guide.

If you have already implemented 3DS2 with Spreedly using the Spreedly 3DS2 Gateway Specific Guide you will likely recognize many of these steps. However, it is important to note that this is a separate integration requiring the code blocks below to be integrated into your native mobile application and rendered in a webview and as such, all events from the lifecycle object should post messages to your native application.

Why mobile Webview:

We are focusing development on our Spreedly 3DS2 Global solution, which will provide SDK support. This web-based mobile solution serves as an alternative for those who do not wish to use our SDK or have not yet transitioned away from our Gateway Specific 3DS2 solution.

What you’ll need:

  • A strong working knowledge of mobile development
  • A native mobile application to test out the webview approach
  • A web application where you can host HTML files on your companies domain. All HTML templates below are recommended to be hosted on your domain.

Integration Guide for Web

Please use the test data below to initiate and simulate 3DS2 flows

Test Data for Spreedly 3DS2 Gateway Specific

Credit Cards

Card Number CVV Expiration Type
4556761029983886 123 10/2029 Valid 3D Secure Enrolled Card
4024007101934890 123 10/2029 Invalid 3D Secure Enrolled Card

$ Amounts

Amount in cents Result Requires Lifecycle Requires Completion Endpoint
3001 3D Secure 2 full frictionless flow (immediate transaction flow)
3002 Fallback from 3DS2 to 3DS1 Yes
3003 3D Secure device fingerprint flow with direct authorize Yes Yes
3004 3D Secure device fingerprint flow to challenge Yes Yes
3005 3D Secure direct challenge Yes
3103 3D Secure device fingerprint flow with forced failure Yes Yes
3104 3D Secure challenge flow with forced failure Yes

Note: Amounts are important to simulate flows properly. If you try other amounts, you may experience unexpected behavior.

Integration steps

Prerequisites

  1. You will need a Spreedly Test gateway token to interact with the simulated 3DS2 flows. If you already have a Spreedly Test gateway setup you are likely good to go. If you don’t have a Spreedly Test gateway setup or want to spin up a new one for 3DS2 testing, follow the guide here.

  2. Verify your test gateway can successfully make a purchase without 3DS. This will help limit future troubleshooting to 3DS specific changes.

  3. Generate or use an existing payment method token - follow the instructions at Spreedly API docs

Load Spreedly iFrame javascript in a webview

Include Spreedly iFrame javascript on your checkout page

 <head>
   <script src="https://core.spreedly.com/iframe/iframe-v1.min.js"></script>
 </head>

or load Spreedly Express javascript in a webview

 <head>
   <script src="https://core.spreedly.com/iframe/express-3.min.js"></script>
 </head>

Set up your backend

Using the payment method token, make an authorize or purchase request - follow instructions from Spreedly API docs.

Be sure to include the following in your request, all are required:

  • attempt_3dsecure: true
  • callback_url and redirect_url used in the event that the transaction falls back to 3DS1 more info on 3DS1 here
  • three_ds_version: "2"
  • browser_info which is collected as follows:
// Choose a browser size for your application. This will be the size of the challenge
// iframe that will be presented to a user. *note* If you're creating a modal, you
// should make the surrounding DOM node a little larger than the option selected
// below.
//
// '01' - 250px x 400px
// '02' - 390px x 300px
// '03' - 500px x 600px
// '04' - 600px x 400px
// '05' - fullscreen
<!doctype html>

<html lang="en">
  <head>
    <!-- load spreedly iframe -->
    <script src="https://core.spreedly.com/iframe/iframe-v1.min.js"></script>
  </head>

  <body>
  <script type="text/javascript">
    (function() {
      var challengeWindowSize = "05";
      var browserInfo = Spreedly.ThreeDS.serialize(challengeWindowSize);
      // Post a message to your native application. postMessageToNativeApp is an
      // example function. Depending on platform IOS, Android, etc you'll need to
      // replace it with a platform specific call.
      postMessageToNativeApp(browserInfo);
    })();
  </script>
  </body>
</html>

and in your native mobile code you’ll accept the message posted with browser info and then make your purchase request

An example request to your backend will look like:

  fetch('https://your-backend.test/purchase.json', {
    method: 'POST',
    body: JSON.stringify({
      ...normalPurchaseParams,
      browser_info: browser_info,
      attempt_3dsecure: true,
      three_ds_version: "2"
    })
  });

This is an example request to your backend that you’ll need to issue an authenticated purchase request to Spreedly. normalPurchaseParams will be the standard params that you pass to your backend and then on to Spreedly. They were omitted to expose what is new and required for 3DS2 requests.

Note: Parameters such as browser_info and attempt_3dsecure must match casing and underscore. browserInfo will not work.

Now, you should create an authorize or purchase request to the Spreedly API. All of the following transaction fields are required.

  POST /v1/gateways/<gateway_token>/purchase.json HTTPS/1.1
  Host: core.spreedly.com
  Authorization: Basic QWxhZGRpbjpvcGVuIHNlc2FtZQ==
  Content-Type: application/<format>


  {
    "transaction": {
      "payment_method_token": "<payment_method_token>",
      "amount": 3001,
      "currency_code": "USD",
      "redirect_url": "<redirect_url>",
      "callback_url": "<callback_url>",
      "three_ds_version": "2",
      "attempt_3dsecure": true,
      "browser_info": "<value from Spreedly.ThreeDS.serialize()>"
    }
  }

The authorize/purchase request above will return a transaction object containing a token field. Make note of this transaction.token field as you will need it for the next step: this is the transactionToken

Transition your customer to a loading screen for the attempted transaction. This screen will hold another webview that completes the 3DS transaction. This page should load Spreedly iframe.js or express.js, create a new Spreedly.ThreeDS.Lifecycle object. When the Lifecycle object is created, you will then post a message from the object to your native mobile application. The lifecycle object is designed to handle the following:

  1. If the transaction is in an error state, handle the error and display feedback to your user. Transactions that have failed cannot be updated or used to challenge the cardholder again; if you would like to present a cardholder with a new challenge upon failure, a new transaction should be used.

  2. If the transaction is in a success state, you’re done - complete the purchase

  3. If the transaction is in a pending state, handle the following asynchronous flow: Define/set, a) Lifecycle object to facilitate front end updating, b) Lifecycle callbacks to handle asynchronous states, c) start 3DSecure asynchronous flow

    a. Define an instance of Spreedly.ThreeDS.Lifecycle with the location for hidden iframes and payment method token

      var lifecycle = new Spreedly.ThreeDS.Lifecycle({
        environmentKey: '...',
        // The environmentKey field is required, but if omitted, you will receive a console warning message and the transaction will still succeed.
        hiddenIframeLocation: 'device-fingerprint', (required)
        // The DOM node that you'd like to inject hidden iframes
        challengeIframeLocation: 'challenge', (required)
        // The DOM node that you'd like to inject the challenge flow
        transactionToken: '...', (required)
        // The token for the transaction - used to poll for state
        challengeIframeClasses: '...', (optional)
        // The css classes that you'd like to apply to the challenge iframe.
        //
        // Note: This is where you'll change the height and width of the challenge
        //       iframe. You'll need to match the height and width option that you
        //       selected when collecting browser data with `Spreedly.ThreeDS.serialize`.
        //       For instance if you selected '04' for browserSize you'll need to have a
        //       CSS class that has width and height of 600px by 400px.
      })
    

    b. Define and set lifecycle callbacks/function for event handling called: statusUpdates

      //Define:
      var statusUpdates = function(event) {
        if (event.action === 'succeeded') {
    
          // post message to mobile app that the transaction was successful and finish your checkout
    
        } else if (event.action === 'error') {
          // present an error to the user to retry
        } else if (event.action === 'challenge') {
          // Show your modal containing the div provided in `challengeIframeLocation` when
          // creating the lifecycle event.
          //
          // Example HTML on your page:
          //
          // <head>
          //   <style>
          //     .hidden {
          //       display: none;
          //     }
          //
          //     #challenge-modal {
          //       <!-- style your modal here -->
          //     }
          //   </style>
          // </head>
          // <body>
          //   <div id="device-fingerprint" class="hidden">
          //     <!-- Spreedly injects content into this div,
          //          do not nest the challenge div inside of it -->
          //   </div>
          //   <div id="challenge-modal" class="hidden">
          //     <div id="challenge">
          //     </div>
          //   </div>
          // </body>
          //
          //  Example lifecycle object from step 6:
          //
          //  var lifecycle = new Spreedly.ThreeDS.Lifecycle({
          //    hiddenIframeLocation: 'device-fingerprint',
          //    challengeIframeLocation: 'challenge',
          //    ...
          //  })
          //
          //  and then we show the challenge-modal
          //
          document.getElementById('challenge-modal').classList.remove('hidden');
        } else if (event.action === 'trigger-completion') {
          // 1. make a request to your backend to do an authenticated call to Spreedly to complete the request
          //    The completion call is `https://core.spreedly.com/v1/transactions/[transaction-token]/complete.json (or .xml)`
          // 2a. if the transaction is marked as "succeeded" finish your checkout and redirect to success page
          // 2b. if the transaction is marked "pending" you'll need to call finalize `event.finalize(transaction)` with the transaction data from the authenticated completion call.
    
          // This is an example of the authenticated call that you'd make
          // to your service.
          fetch(`https://your-service/complete/${purchaseToken}.json`, { method: 'POST' })
            .then(response => response.json())
            .then((data) => {
              if (data.state === 'succeeded') {
    
                // post message to mobile app that the transaction was successful and finish your checkout
    
              }
    
              if (data.state === 'pending') {
                event.finalize(data);
              }
          })
        }
      }
      ...
      //Set:
      Spreedly.on('3ds:status', statusUpdates)
    

    The key event types to handle are succeeded, error, challenge, and trigger-completion.

    succeeded: occurs when the transaction has finished and it’s time to move your user away from your checkout page.

    error: occurs when there was an error with the transaction and you should either present an error to the user or cancel the transaction.

    challenge: occurs when it’s time to pop open the challenge flow. It’s recommended that you put the challengeIframeLocation inside of another containing DIV that is hidden and show it at this time.

    trigger-completion: occurs when you should make the authenticated transaction completion call from your backend to Spreedly and call event.finalize with the response data in your frontend.

    finalization-timeout: occurs 10-15 minutes after presenting a challenge without the transaction state changing. It is recommended that merchants attempt a manual completion here to attempt to continue or finalize the transaction.

    Note: Worldpay uses postMessages to notify when authentication needs to progress to the next step. We pass these parameters in event.context.

      {"MessageType": "profile.completed", "SessionId": "d3197c02-6f63-4ab2-801c-83633d097e32","Status": true)
    

    These parameters should be included in the complete call using the key context.

      {context: {"MessageType": "profile.completed", "SessionId": "d3197c02-6f63-4ab2-801c-83633d097e32", "Status": true}}
    

    These parameters will only be sent during trigger-completion events

    statusUpdates is the function that we defined in step 6.ii, it’s intended to handle all event updates that occur through the 3DS lifecycle.

    c. Start 3DSecure asynchronous flow Once it is completely setup using the above steps, the lifecycle process can be started using:

      lifecycle.start()
    

    Note: If you plan to run multiple 3DS2 authentications without a full page reload or redirect:

    • The Spreedly.on('3ds:status', statusUpdates) function should only be invoked once. Invoking it multiple times will register the event handlers multiple times leading to duplicate events being received.
    • Make sure to call lifecycle.start() as soon as possible after receiving a pending status for a given transaction, as there is a 30 second timeout between the authentication response and challenge load specified as part of the 3DS V2 spec, see EMVco Spec 2.2.0, 5.5

End to end flow diagram

Gateway Specific 3DS2 Flow Descriptions

The 3DS2 specification introduces new transaction flows to help verify the validity of a customer with as little interruption as possible, detailed below:

3DS2 Fully Frictionless

This flow represents the smoothest path through to transaction success. During the authorize or purchase flow the transaction, along with collected browser data, is deemed enough to verify the purchaser. No further action is required.

3DS2 Direct Challenge

This occurs when a transaction is deemed risky. The customer will be presented with an authentication form from the issuing bank, rendered in an iFrame, typically a modal.

3DS2 Device Fingerprint with Direct Authorize

If the initial transaction and collected browser data require more context, the fingerprint flow with direct authorize is attempted. A hidden iFrame is injected into the merchant’s page (at a specified location) and is submitted to the issuer in the background. Then, the client library will poll for up to 10 seconds, but responses are typically faster.

Note: The Spreedly test gateway will always take 10 seconds as it is a simulated gateway to assist in preparing for 3D Secure 2.

3DS2 Device Fingerprint to Challenge

This occurs when the initial transaction and browser data is collected, the hidden iFrame is injected and polled, and further information is required. This is similar to 3D Secure 1.0 in the sense that a customer will be presented with an issuing bank authentication form. However, in 3DS2 the authentication form is rendered on the merchant’s site in an iFrame, typically in a modal.

3DS2 Denied

If Authentication fails, is rejected or denied, the transaction will be marked as failed and it is up to the merchant to retry the transaction or deny it.

3DS Not Enrolled/Supported

Spreedly falls back to standard transaction processing and submits the payment.

Fallback from 3DS2 to 3DS1

The Spreedly Javascript will redirect the customer to an offsite page that is produced by the issuer and is then redirected back to the merchant’s site to complete the order (using the redirect_url). In the event that a transaction is not immediately successful, your application should still handle callbacks in order to be updated if the customer leaves the checkout form. See 3DS1 Callbacks for more details.

Troubleshooting

  1. For security reasons you should never make api requests from your frontend application directly to Spreedly. For this reason the authorize/purchase and complete transaction requests need to be made from your backend application.
  2. Ensure that the Spreedly Javascript library has loaded properly. You can do so by looking at your browser developer tools and looking at the network traffic.
  3. Ensure that your data in the purchase and completion requests is being passed to the Javascript library correctly. console.dir the object that you’re passing to the javascript library right after the purchase request (before lifecycle.start()) and before event.finalize.
  4. Ensure that you’re collecting the accept header from your server side rendered page correctly (console.log). It might be best to inject the accept header as a hidden form field and grab it with javascript.
  5. Ensure that the ordering of interactions with the Spreedly Javascript library are correct. Create a function to listen to events, then register that event handler with Spreedly and issue your purchase request (with browser info). Finally, issue start on the lifecycle object you’ve created.
  6. You can also check where things are at by doing a console.dir on the event object in the statusUpdate event handler.
  7. If all else fails, please reach out! Contact us at support@spreedly.com - we’d love to help.

Want to learn more about 3DS2?

You can read more about the regulations behind these changes on our blog or see the full specification details at the source, EMVco.

FAQs

See a list of all 3DS frequently asked questions in the Help Center.